An Ascomycete fungus, haploid and grows as a mycelium. There are two mating types, and fusion of nuclei of two opposite types leads to meiosis followed by mitosis. The resulting eight nuclei generate eight ascospores, arranged linearly in an ordered fashion in a pod-like ascus so that the various products of meiotic division can be identified and isolated. Because of this, Neurospora crassa is one of the classic organisms for genetic research; studies on biochemical mutants led Beadle & Tatum to propose the seminal "one gene-one enzyme" hypothesis.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • Neurospora — Systematik Abteilung: Schlauchpilze (Ascomycota) Klasse: Echte Schlauchpilze (Ascomycetes) Unterklasse: Sordariomycetidae Ordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Neurospora — Scientific classification Kingdom: Fungi Phylum …   Wikipedia

  • Neurospora — crassa Neurospora crassa Fichier:Neurospora crassa.jpg Neurospora crassa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Neurospora — Neurospora,   saprophytische Schlauchpilzgattung, deren bekannteste Vertreter, Neurospora crassa und Neurospora sitophila, oft auf feuchtem Brot vorkommen. Die raschwüchsigen Neurosporaarten sind wichtige Forschungsobjekte der Genetik und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • neurospora — neu·ro·spò·ra s.f. TS bot. fungo cosmopolita del genere Neurospora | con iniz. maiusc., genere della famiglia delle Sordariacee {{line}} {{/line}} DATA: 1958. ETIMO: dal lat. scient. Neurospōra, vd. neuro e spora …   Dizionario italiano

  • Neurospora — noun genus of fungi with black perithecia used extensively in genetic research; includes some forms with orange spore masses that cause severe damage in bakeries • Syn: ↑genus Neurospora • Hypernyms: ↑fungus genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Sphaeriaceae …   Useful english dictionary

  • neurospora — noun Etymology: New Latin, from neur + spora spore Date: 1928 any of a genus (Neurospora of the family Sordariaceae) of ascomycetous fungi which are used extensively in genetic research and have black perithecia and persistent asci and some of… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Neurospora — A genus of fungi (class Ascomycetes) grown in cultures and used in research in genetics and cellular biochemistry. SYN: pink bread mold. [neuro + G. spora, seed] * * * neu·ros·po·ra n(y)u̇ räs pə rə …   Medical dictionary

  • Neurospora crassa — Scientific classification Kingdom: Fungi Phylum: Ascomycota Class: Ascomycetes …   Wikipedia

  • Neurospora Crassa — Fichier:Neurospora crassa.jpg Neurospora crassa …   Wikipédia en Français

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